Según la Organización Internacional del Trabajo estas son algunas soluciones:
1.- A sound financial system which focuses on productive investment, rather than fuelling housing bubbles or making profits out of financial operations. Implementing the EU recommendation on remuneration practices in the financial sector would help reduce irresponsible risk-taking and give a sense of fairness.
2.- Facilitating business creation and investment especially in sectors where significant growth potential lies – including support for internationalization of Spanish industry and services (exports are 25% of GDP, compared with an average of 40% in the EU), and the development of renewal energy.
3.- Combating school failure and upgrading skills in line with emerging economic activities.
4.- Avoiding a spiral of real wage cuts, which would further depress the economy and slow down structural transformation. In the past, real wages (deflated by output prices) grew less than productivity. So declining competitiveness was mainly due to the inefficient nature of the job growth and investment patterns prior to crisis, i.e. in low-productive sectors such as construction and real-estate.
5.- A plan of action so that “each young person who is not in school is offered some form of ‘activation guarantee’, i.e. the opportunity to work, train or engage in some form of activation measure”.
6.- Monitoring of recent reforms of collective bargaining would help assess their employment and income effects. This could be done through the creation of a special evaluation body with tripartite experts.
7.- Making employment programmes more effective and ensuring that public employment services (PES) are adequately resourced. Now, every PES staff member serves around 450 unemployed – compared to 100 in countries where PES are effective.
8.- Ensuring funding of the new individual saving accounts, which could contribute to boost the creation of more and better jobs, while facilitating mobility – key at times of structural transformation.
9.- Promoting social dialogue as a means to “increase coherence between economic, employment and social objectives”.